HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE

Fill in the puzzle and find the missing word. Use the clues to help you.

1. The House of Lords consists of the Lords ... and the Lords Spiritual (8)

2. The ... of the House of Commons is really quite small (7)

3. The political party which wins the most seats in the House of Commons forms the ... (10)

4. Voting is by secret... (6)

5. To end the life of a Parliament by public announcement of the Sovereign, leading to a General Election (8)

6. Members of the ... are chosen by the Prime Mi­nister (7)

7. The Parliament of the United Kingdom consists of the Queen, the House of Lords and the House HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE of ...(7)

8. A formal procedure for voting (8)

9. The system of govern­ment in which a single person called king or queen holds an office of head of state by hereditary right (8)

10. In Britain everyone over 18 is eligible to... (4)

Unit 3

MAKING A LAW

Why do we need laws? We all depend on other people. Even those who live alone depend on others to provide them with heat, light and other services. They generally accept that these services can only be provided if they obey the rules and pay their bills. Those of us who live as part of a group, perhaps a HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE family, find that we have to follow unwritten rules which tell us how we should behave towards the other members of our group. At the college your timetable provides one set of rules, telling you which lesson you should be in at a given time. The fire regulations are a different set of rules which could save your life. As well as belonging to a group at home, college or work, we all belong to a national group and have to obey the national rules known as laws.

How Parliament makes Laws? Every year Parliament passes about HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE 100 Laws directly by making Acts of Parliament. Parliament sometimes passes a very general law and leaves a minister to fill in the details. Using the powers given to them by Parliament, ministers become lawmakers themselves.

No new law can be made by Parliament unless it has completed a number of stages in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The Queen also has to sign a Bill to show that it has been given the Royal Assent (a formality). Only after the Royal Assent it becomes a new law or Act of Parliament. Before this it is HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE called a Bill. Bills can begin in the House of Lords or the House of Commons, so they can pass through Parliament in one of two ways:

1. Commons
3. Queen
2. Lords


Bill
ACT
2. Commons
1. Lords
3. Queen

There are two main sorts of Bill: Private Bill and Public Bill. Private Bills deal with local matters and individuals. Public Bills deal with matters of public importance. Important Bills are usually sponsored by the Government. One example of a Government Bill is the Sea Fish (Conservation) Bill of 1992-1993, which affects the amount of time that fishing boats may spend at sea. Although a HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE rather old example, it illustrated well how a Government Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. This particular Bill was introduced into the Commons by the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.

This stage is called First Reading. It gives MPs notice that the Bill will soon be coming for discussion. The text is then printed and read by Members in time for the important Second Reading. Here the main purpose of the Bill is explained by the Minister of State responsible for fisheries, and the Bill is debated by the House.

The House then votes to decide whether the Bill HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE should continue its passage through Parliament.

The Bill continues to its Committee Stage where eighteen Members from both Government and Opposition discuss it in detail, considering many possible changes (amendments). This is followed by Report Stage when the committee reports back to the rest of the House.

At the Third Reading stage, the House decided to pass the Bill as a whole. The Bill cannot be changed at this stage - it is either accepted or rejected. Once a Bill has passed its Third Reading in the Commons, one of the Clerks at the Table carries the Bill to HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE the House of Lords.

The House of Lords has the job of reviewing Bills received from the Commons. A different group of people can often see something in a completely different way. The House of Lords often makes changes to Commons Bills. Once both Houses of Parliament have passed a Bill, then it has to go to the Queen for the Royal Assent. After receiving the Royal Assent the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament.

Even after an Act has received the Royal Assent, it may not come into force straight away.

WORDS AND PHRASES

To provide [prə′vaid HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE] - забезпечувати

rule [ru:l] - правило

bill [bil] - законопроект; рахунок

to behave [bi′heiv] - діяти, поводити себе

to save [seiv] - рятувати

Act of Parliament - закон парламенту

lawmaker ['lo:rmeikə] - законодавець

Royal Assent - королівська санкція

conservation [,konsə:′vei∫ən] - збереження

First Reading - 1-е читання законопроекту в парламенті

Second Reading - 2-е читання законопроекту в парламенті

Committee Stage - парламентський пленум, який обговорює деталі законопроекту

amendment [ə'mendmənt] - поправка (до законопроекту)

Report Stage - доповідь про законопроект у парламенті перед третім читанням



Third Reading - 3-є читання законопроекту у парламенті

to accept [ək′sept] - приймати

to reject [ri′d3ekt] – відхиляти


EXERCISES

1. Fill in the blanks:

1. Every country has its own ... .

2. People must obey the national... known as laws.

3. Every year Parliament passes about 100 Laws directly HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE by making ....

4. A new law in the making is called a ... .

5. Every Bill must complete certain ... in Parliament before it becomes a new law.

6. Important Bills are usually sponsored by the... .

7. Bills can be introduced into the ... or... .

8. There are two main types of Bills -... Bills and ... Bills.

9. Once both Houses of Parliament have passed a Bill, then it has to go to the Queen for the…………………………… .

10. Once a Bill has received the Royal Assent it becomes an ....

2. Find words and expressions in the text which mean:

1. the approval by the British Sovereign of a Bill HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE which has been passed by both Houses of Parliament;

2. a proposed law - the preliminary version of an Act of Parliament;

3. changes in a rule, document, law, etc.;

4. law or custom which guides or controls behaviour or action.

3. Answer the questions:

1. What is the difference between a Bill and an Act of Parliament?

2. What two types of Bills do you know?

3. What stages should a Bill complete to become an Act?

4. What is the function of the House of Lords in making a law?

5. Which of the two Houses of Parliament has more power?

6. When does a Bill become an Act of Parliament HIDDEN WORD PUZZLE?


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